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Friday, November 30, 2007

The Mehmud Kashghari 2

The picture of Mehmud Kashghari

The Mehmud Kashghari

The picture of Mehmud Kashghari

The Uyghur naan and darvaz girl

Abou Uyghurs

Uyghur (ooey-GHUR say Uyghurs, WEE-gur say Americans), also spelled Uighur, is the name of an ethnic group of people mainly live in Xinjiang (means "new frontier" in Chinese) Uyghur Autonomous Region of China , and their language. Historically the term "Uyghur" means "united" or "allied", and was applied to a group of Turkic-speaking tribes that once ruled what is now Mongolia. The Uyghurs were one of the largest and most enduring Turkic peoples living in Central Asia.
Records show that the Uyghurs have a history of more than 4000 years. Situated along a section of the legendary Silk Road, Uyghurs played an important role in cultural exchanges between the East and West and developed a unique culture and civilization of their own. Uyghur culture is a rich lifestyle centred around the family, food, dance and music. Uyghur architecture, particularly their religious architecture is quite fine and as reflective of a glorious past. Uyghur religion has also played a major part in Uyghur culture and has has evolved through several transitions including Shamanism, Manachaeism, Buddhism and even Christianity before Islam became the predominate religion. Each has added indelibly to the richness of Uyghur culture.
Uyghur communities were typically based in oases or fertile valleys, growing cereals and fruit. The strategic importance of these oasis bazaars enabled many Uyghur traders to become key middlemen on the Silk Road caravan routes between the Orient and Europe.
Now, over 9.3 million Uyghurs live in Uyghur Region of China. Some major cities in the east and south of China also have small Uyghur communities. Several hundred thousand Uyghurs live in communities worldwide in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, in Turkey, Europe, North America and Australia.

Tuesday, November 6, 2007



O语言研究O 维吾尔文字演变中的宗教承传作用
文字是记录语言的书写符号系统,是辅助和扩大语言社会交际的工具。文字的这种交际功能决定了它必然受社会的制约,脱离使用文字的社会因素,是难以研究文字的发展演变的。 宗教是一种社会意识形态,当人们考察既